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We compiled our top 50 new releases and top 10 historical/reissue recordings of 2009 from year-end lists by our critics. To see each voter’s ballot, go to this page. Only CDs and box sets released between Nov. 1, 2008, and Oct. 31, 2009 were eligible. Some releases may have slipped through the cracks, however, as release dates shifted or werenâ€™t available.
Original blurbs by Evan Haga and Jeff Tamarkin. Review excerpts by Thomas Conrad, Steve Greenlee, Christopher Loudon, Bill Milkowski, Mike Shanley, George Varga, Michael J. West and Josef Woodard.
Top 50 New Releases
1. Joe Lovano Us Five
Folk Art (Blue Note)
In his 57th year, the saxophonist, composer and bandleader Joe Lovano is something of a jazz absolute: consistent in quality but traversing schools, styles and formats in a way that argues the music has somewhere to go without accommodating pop. His 2009 Blue Note release, Folk Art, recorded with a new group he calls Us Five, only reinforces his reputation as the consummate jazzman, an explorer and historian in equal doses. Folk Art is centered in postbop but plays in and around the avant-garde, and it features elements that, on paper, might seem gimmicky, but in Lovanoâ€™s hands foster thrilling music.
A cross-generational quintet, Us Five features two drummers, Otis Brown II and Francisco Mela, and Lovano uses them to ramp up the intensity as well as multiply the options for exchange. (â€œItâ€™s as if there are 20 different bands,â€ he told JTâ€™s Geoffrey Himes.) Then thereâ€™s Lovanoâ€™s arsenal of texturally brazen woodwind oddities, including the taragato and aulochrome, and the fact that Folk Art is his first album featuring his original compositions exclusively. Those tunes, alternately burning (â€œPowerhouseâ€), loping (â€œFolk Artâ€), tender (â€œSong for Judiâ€) and askew (the Ornette homage â€œEttenroâ€), brilliantly underscore the groupâ€™s sensibilityâ€”one of dynamic interaction and aesthetic versatility. E.H.
2. Vijay Iyer
The evolution of one of contemporary jazz pianoâ€™s most inventive artists continues on a set that meshes intellect with humor, syncopation with solace, and smart originals with wild covers ranging from Leonard Bernstein to M.I.A. J.T.
3. Miguel ZenÃ³n
Esta Plena (Marsalis)
ZenÃ³n has constructed a compelling merger of his jazz persona and the folkloric plena music of his native Puerto Rico, both in composition and performance, via the blending of bands from each tradition. J.W.
4. Henry Threadgill Zooid
This Brings Us To, Vol. 1 (Pi)
Demanding yet strangely accessible, Threadgillâ€™s latest collection of prickly groove music and algebraic improvisation receives crucial input from guitarist Liberty Ellman. E.H.
5. Allen Toussaint
The Bright Mississippi (Nonesuch)
The concept itself is audacious: Take one of New Orleansâ€™ most prolific hit-making songwriters and have him do an instrumental album of early jazz offerings, surrounded by players like Marc Ribot, Don Byron and Nicholas Payton. B.M.
6. Darcy James Argueâ€™s Secret Society
Infernal Machines (New Amsterdam)
With their haunting compositions and imaginative experiments, Argueâ€™s Secret Society might do for jazz what Radiohead did for rockâ€”and poach some of its audience, too. M.W.
7. Gary Burton/Pat Metheny/Steve Swallow/Antonio Sanchez
Quartet Live! (Concord)
The unusually empathetic playing and listening by each player yields impeccably nuanced musicianship, as the group mixes fetching originals by Burton, Metheny and Swallow with classics by Ellington, Carla Bley and Chick Corea. G.V.
8. Gretchen Parlato
In a Dream (ObliqSound)
Following in the delicate footsteps of her 2005 eponymous debut EP, Parlatoâ€™s In a Dream seems wholly crafted of sweet reveries. She has found an ideal mate for this spirited journey in guitarist and supporting vocalist Lionel Loueke. C.L.
9. Branford Marsalis Quartet
There may be no better introduction on record to what makes this group one of the finest in jazz at the moment. The sense of ensemble interchange, especially between Marsalis and Watts, has been polished and continually re-fired over many years together. J.W.
10. Jeff â€œTainâ€ Watts
Watts (Dark Key)
Itâ€™s been 18 years since Wattsâ€™ recording debut as a leader, and his growth and confidence, both as a drummer and a composer, are palpable. His propulsive playing, much like his writing, strikes a fine balance between being brawny and brainy, playful and poignant. G.V.
11. Steve Lehman
Travail, Transformation, and Flow (Pi)
Lehman wrote his new album by utilizing spectral harmony, but this isnâ€™t just music for academics. The sometimes taut quality of the writing inspires exciting solos from Lehman, tenor saxophonist Mark Shim and trumpeter Jonathan Finlayson. M.S.
12. Keith Jarrett
To compare the fearless searches and naked commitments of Jarrettâ€™s solo piano concerts to most standard piano jazz is like comparing the full turbulence of actual life to a selective memory of it. T.C.
13. Bill Frisell
Disfarmer (Nonesuch )
This highly personal response to the work of an â€œoutsider artistâ€ is one of Frisellâ€™s most accessible albums, perhaps because the haunting sonorities of rural America are universal in their longing and loneliness. T.C.
14. Keith Jarrett/Gary Peacock/Jack DeJohnette
The creative consistency and scale of Jarrettâ€™s discography with Gary Peacock and Jack DeJohnette is unprecedented among piano trios in the history of jazz. Yesterdays is characterized by extremes of dynamic and emotional range. T.C.
15. The Monterey Quartet
Live at the 2007 Monterey Jazz Festival (MJF)
Built around bassist Dave Holland, two recent collaborators (drummer Eric Harland and saxophonist Chris Potter) and the Cuban-born pianist Gonzalo Rubalcaba, the quartetâ€™s rare gig coheres like of a band thatâ€™s been road-tested. J.T.
16. Dave Douglas
Spirit Moves (Green Leaf)
17. Chris Potter Underground
18. James Moody
19. James Carter/John Medeski/Christian McBride/Adam Rogers/Joey Baron
Heaven on Earth (Half Note)
20. Charles Tolliver Big Band
Emperor March (Half Note)
21. Steve Kuhn
Mostly Coltrane (ECM)
Sky & Country (ECM)
23. Joshua Redman
24. Ravi Coltrane
Blending Times (Savoy)
25. Rudresh Mahanthappaâ€™s Indo-Pak Coalition
26. Robert Glasper
Double Booked (Blue Note)
27. Dee Alexander
Wild Is the Wind (Blujazz )
28. Arve Henriksen
29. Roy Hargrove Big Band
30. Jim Hall & Bill Frisell
31. Matt Wilson Quartet
Thatâ€™s Gonna Leave a Mark (Palmetto)
32. Melody Gardot
My One and Only Thrill (Verve)
33. John Patitucci Trio
34. SFJAZZ Collective
Live 2009: The Works of McCoy Tyner (SFJAZZ )
35. Martial Solal
Live at the Village Vanguard (Cam Jazz)
36. Darius Jones Trio
Manâ€™ish Boy (AUM Fidelity)
37. Enrico Rava
New York Days (ECM)
38. Jan Garbarek Group
Dresden: In Concert (ECM)
39. Jackie Ryan
Doozy (Open Art)
40. Linda Oh Trio
Entry (Linda Oh)
41. Kurt Elling
Dedicated to You (Concord)
42. Stefon Harris and Blackout
43. John Scofield
Piety Street (Emarcy)
44. Seamus Blake
Live in Italy (Jazz Eyes)
45. Gerald Wilson Orchestra
Detroit (Mack Avenue)
46. Joe Locke-David Hazeltine Quartet
Mutual Admiration Society 2 (Sharp Nine)
47. The Manhattan Transfer
The Chick Corea Songbook (Four Quarters)
48. Stanley Clarke Trio with Lenny White & Hiromi
Jazz in the Garden (Heads Up)
49. J.D. Allen Trio
50. Chick Corea/John McLaughlin
Five Peace Band Live (Concord)
Top Five Historical/Reissues
1. Freddie Hubbard
Without a Song (Live in Europe, 1969)
On these nights in England and Germany in 1969, Hubbard blew higher and faster and louder than anyone had heard since Louis Armstrong toured those countries in his prime. B.M.
2. John Coltrane
Side Steps (Prestige)
During the mid-â€™50s, Trane often served as a sideman, adding licks to recordings by Red Garland, Gene Ammons, Mal Waldron and even Sonny Rollins. His distinctive style is already in place on the five discs comprising this box set. J.T.
3. Lucky Thompson
New York City, 1964-65 (Uptown )
Hot on the heels of his celebrated Lucky Strikes album, the underrated tenor/soprano saxophonist tore it up at two NYC gigs a year apart, in both octet and quartet configurations. J.T.
4. Tony Bennett/Bill Evans
The Complete Tony Bennett/Bill Evans Recordings (Fantasy/Concord)
Considered by many the perfect jazz-pop amalgam, this mid-â€™70s collaboration retains all of its sparkle today. A second disc of alternate takes illustrates the creative process at work and offers new perspectives on the session. J.T.
The Codona Trilogy (ECM)
Roughly three decades later, listening to the collected music of Codona gives a strong impression that the group was much less a novel footnote in the annals of world-inspired jazz than it was an important creative statement. J.W.
6. Scott LaFaro,
Pieces of Jade (Resonance)
7. Ella Fitzgerald
Twelve Nights In Hollywood (Verve Select)
8. Art Pepper
The Art History Project: Unreleased Art IV (Widow’s Taste)
9. Duke Ellington
The Great Concerts (London & New York 1963-1964)(Musicmasters/Nimbus)
10. Miles Davis
Sketches of Spain (50th Anniversary Enhanced Edition) (Sony Legacy)